United States Congress
Legislative Branch of the Federal Government
U.S. Congress Info | BeingBlackToday.com
Based on the Structure of Power
Unitary State: Single Power
A single, central government in possession of power. Sub-groups (or administrators) only have power that the central government chooses to delegate.

Note: Most nations in the world have a unitary system of government. Of the 193 UN member states, 165 are governed as unitary states.
Federation: Sovereign States Under Central Government
A political union of mostly self-governing, sovereign states or regions that place themselves under a central government, structured by a constitution that may not be altered by one group, party, or member. Instead, sovereign power is divided between the central government and the individual states.
Confederation: Soverign States United for a Cause
A union of sovereign states, united for dealing with critical issues, such as defense, foreign relations, or internal trade. Usually a confederacy is created by a treaty acknowleding sovereign independence in cooperation with the cause.
Anarchy: Free Will, No Leadership, No Authority
A society without government or political authority. Group participation and obligations are voluntary. There is no coercion, violence, or force -- authority and leadership are unwelcome.
Based on the Source of Power
Democracy: Rule of the People
A system of government where citizens have direct power or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body. No single force control is able to control what happens or outcomes.
Oligarchy: Rule by the Few
Power rests with a small number of people -- nobility, wealthy, family ties, education levels or coporate, religious or military control. Often controlled by families who pass their influence from one generation to the next, but outsiders can work themselves in.
Autocracy
Social and political power rests in the hand of one person or political body. There are no external controls or legal restraints on decisions made by the supereme power. Modern day forms of autocracy are dictatorships (such as North Korea) and absolute monarchies (such as Saudi Arabia).
Preamble
Introduction to the Purpose and Intent of the Constitution
We
the People of the United States,
in Order to. . .
  • form a more perfect Union,
  • establish Justice,
  • insure domestic Tranquility,
  • provide for the common defense,
  • promote the General Welfare, and
  • secure the Blessings of Liberty
    to ourselves and our Posterity,
do ordain and
establish this Constitution
of the United States of America.

Articles of the Constitution
There are Seven Articles (or Sections)
Articles I, II, and III
Separation of Powers
The first issue addressed by the Constitution was Power. To make sure that no single person, or group, could rise to gain dominant control of government, to harness unlimited or absolute power, the first three articles (or sections) of the Constitution created three branches of governement -- the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches, with each branch granted specific (and limited) power, responsibilities and authority.
Article I
Make Laws
The Congress
Legislative Branch
Section 1: Power and Structure
  • Congress is granted all legislative powers and is soley responsible for making laws
  • Congress is to be a bicameral legislature, consisting of a Senate and House of Representatives

Section 2: House of Representatives
  • Members of the House are to serve 2-year terms of office
  • The House is responsible for choosing its own Speaker and other Officers
  • Power of Impeachment: only the House has been granted the Power to Impeach

Section 3: The Senate
  • Each State is to choose two Senators to serve a 6-year term of office, with each assigned onesu vote
  • Upon successful election, each Senator is to be assigned to one of three Senate Classes, so that only 1/3 (one Class) is up for election every two years, ensuring that all Senatorial seats don't expire at the same time
  • The Vice President of the United States is "President of the Senate", but only Votes in the case of a tie, as the "tie breaker"
  • The Senate will choose their Officers and a temporary Senate President (in case the Vice President is unavailable).
  • Impeachment Trials: only the Senate can conduct Impeachment Trials, and 2/3 of the Senate must be present to convict
  • Senate Impeachment is not Criminal Prosecution: an impeachment trial held by the Senate is not a criminal trial, but only a trial that decides whether to disqualify and and remove someone from office. The Judicial system is required to handle any criminal prosecution or punishment, when required.


Article II
Enforce Laws
The President
Executive Branch
Section 1: Power and Structure
  • The President shall have Executive Poer
  • The President and Vice President will share the same 4-year term of office
  • Electoral College is established, with each State have a total Number of Electors as follows: [Number of Senators Allowed State] + [ Number of House Representatives States are Entitled To] = [Total Number Electors for State]
  • Only natural born Citizens, 35 years and older, are eligible for the Office of President
  • The Vice President will assume the Presidency if their same term President removed from office, or dies, resigns, or loses the ability to discharge the Power and Duties of the Office.
  • Congress has the power to remove both President and Vice President, then declare who will act as President
  • A President removed from office by Congress can resume office if competency regained or disability removed
  • No Fees, Payments, or Profits: During the term of office, the President shall not receive any fees, payment, or profits related to their position in office, other than standard Compensation for Services (that cannot increase or decrease during term)
  • The President must swear an oath to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States before term of office can begin

Section 2: House of Representatives
  • Members of the House are to serve 2-year terms of office
  • The House is responsible for choosing its own Speaker and other Officers
  • Power of Impeachment: only the House has been granted the Power to Impeach

Article III
Interpret Laws
The Supreme Court
Judicial Branch
  
Republican
District 1
Bradley Byrne
Duke University
1955 - 64 years of age
Terms / # Years
3 / 6
Congress
113th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2021
Vote In/Out
11/3/2020
Experience
Alabama Senate, Alabama State Board of Education
Republican
District 2
Martha Roby
New York University
1976 - 43 years of age
Terms / # Years
4 / 8
Congress
112th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2021
Vote In/Out
11/3/2020
Experience
Montgomery City Council
Republican
District 3
Mike Rogers
Jacksonville State University
1958 - 61 years of age
Terms / # Years
8 / 16
Congress
108th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2021
Vote In/Out
11/3/2020
Experience
Calhoun County Commissioner, Alabama House of Representatives
Republican
District 4
Robert Aderholt
Birmingham–Southern College, Samford University
1965 - 54 years of age
Terms / # Years
11 / 22
Congress
105th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2021
Vote In/Out
11/3/2020
Experience
Attorney, Haleyville Municipal Judge
Republican
District 5
Mo Brooks
Duke University
1954 - 65 years of age
Terms / # Years
4 / 8
Congress
112th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2021
Vote In/Out
11/3/2020
Experience
Alabama House of Representatives, Madison County Commissioner
Republican
District 6
Gary Palmer
University of Alabama
1954 - 65 years of age
Terms / # Years
2 / 4
Congress
114th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2021
Vote In/Out
11/3/2020
Experience
Policy analyst
Democrat
District 7
Terri Sewell
Princeton University
1965 - 54 years of age
Terms / # Years
4 / 8
Congress
112th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2021
Vote In/Out
11/3/2020
Experience
Attorney
Democrat
Class II
Doug Jones
University of Alabama (BS), Samford University (JD)
1954 - 65 years of age
Terms / # Years
1 / 4
Congress
115th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2021
Vote In/Out
11/3/2020
Experience
U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama
Republican
Class III
Richard C. Shelby
Birmingham School of Law (JD), University of Alabama (BA, LLB)
1934 - 85 years of age
Terms / # Years
6 / 32
Congress
100th to 116th
Official Term End
1/3/2023
Vote In/Out
11/1/2022
Experience
U.S. House of Representatives, Alabama Senate, Attorney, City Prosecutor, U.S. Magistrate - Alabama