Timeline of Humanity
Descendants of Africans
Timeline Focus: Descendants of Africans | BeingBlackToday.com
1789

1st African-Descended Individual to Write About Slave Experience
1816

AmericanColonization Society: "Back to Africa" Plan Financed by Slaveholders
1820

Black Slave Drivers: Plantation Owners Create Caste System Among African Slaves
1820
NEW YORK
Founder and 1st Bishop A.M.E. Zion Church and Publisher of 1st Black U.S. Newspaper
1821

1st African-American to be Granted a Patent with Invention of Dry Cleaning
1824

Shakespeare Memorial Theater Honors 1st and Only African-Descended Person
1828

1st Black Woman to Take White Man to Court for Freedom and Win
1829

Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World: By Any Means Necessary
1837

1st African American to Hold a Medical Degree But Passes as White
1841

1st African to Address the Massachusetts State Legislature to Protest Racial Discrimination
1843

By Any Means Necessary: Call Upon Slaves to Kill their Masters
1847
PENNSYLVANIA
Legal Slavery Ends in Pennsylvania
1850

Fugitive Slave Law Passed by U.S. Congress
1851
CALIFORNIA
Bootblack Becomes Wealthy Businessman
1852
SAN FRANCISCO CA
Established 1st A.M.E. Zion Church in San Francisco, CA
1855
PENNYLSLVANIA
1st Legal Challenge of theFugitive Slave Law of 1850
1857

U.S. Supreme Court Decides Lawsuit Filed by Slave to Secure Freedom
1857
MANHATTAN NEW YORK
Manhattan New York: 1st Community Founded by Former Slaves Destroyed by City Government
1861
LOWER SOUTH
Slave States Break from United States of America forming Confederate States of America Leading to Civil War
1861

American Civil War Begins United States vs Confederate States
1862
SOUTH CAROLINA
1st Black U.S. Military Sea Pilot Escapes to Freedom by Sea
1862

Homestead Acts 1862: Union Loyalist, Immigrants and Freed Slaves Receive Federal Land for Private Ownership
1866
LOS ANGELES, CALFIORNIA
From Slavery to Wealthy Entrepreneur Founder of 1st African Church in Los Angeles, California
1868
FLORIDA
1st Secretary of State of African-Descent and Superintendant of Public Instruction of Florida
1871
WASHINGTON, DC
Ku Klux Klan Act U.S. Congressional Legislation
1871
BOSTON
1st African Descended Professor at Harvard University and Inventor of the Golf Tee
1871
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA
Mob of Ku Klux Klan Slaughters Chinese Laborers Over Competition for Jobs
1872
MICHIGAN
Mechanical Engineer and Inventor
1873

1st African-Descended Judge in the United States Founder of 1st African Newspaper in California
1873
FLORIDA
1st African-Descended Lawyer and Judge Elected in Jacksonville, Florida
1876

1st African-Descended to Earn Ph.D. from any American University
1881

Invented Process to Increase the Life of Lightbulbs Allowing for Mass Production
1883

Marriage and Sex BetweenBlacks and Whites Made Criminal by Supreme Court
1885

1st African-Descended Mechanical and Electrical Engineer After the Civil War
1887
ARKANSAS
Pastor of Largest Church in State of Arkansas
1887

Awarded Patent for Automatic Opening and Closing Elevator Doors
1890

"Separate but Equal" Jim Crow Laws 1890 to 1965
1891
ALABAMA
1st Black Female Doctor in Alabama
1895
MONTANA
1st African-Descended U.S. Mail Carrier
1895
MASSACHUSETTS
1st African-Descended to Receive Doctorate from Harvard University
1895

Ragtime: African Americans Create 1st Truly American Musical Genre
1896
NATIONAL
1st Nationally Recognized African American Poet
1896
LAWRENCE KANSAS
Establishes Black Hebrew Church of God and Saints of Christ
1897
TRINIDAD
Pan-Africanism Founded
1898
NEW YORK
1st New York Musical by Black Entertainers
1898

1st Researcher to Prove that Insects Can Hear
1901

Last African-Descended Congressman of the Jim Crow Era
1901
NEW JERSEY
Town Founded by Black Investors Exclusively for African-Descended People
1905

Niagara Civil Rights Movement Founded
1906
LOS ANGELES, CALFIORNIA
Pentecostal Movement Begins with Baptism in the Holy Spirit and Speaking in Tongues
1906
ATLANTA, GEORGIA
Atlanta Georgia: Racial Cleansing Leads to Three-Day Race Riot
1909

NAACP Founded
1912
JAMAICA
Marcus Garvey Jr. Pan-African Political Leader 1887 - 1940
1912
FORSYTH COUNTY GEORGIA
Africans-Descendants Terrorized and Driven From Homes in Largest U.S. Expulsion
1919
KENTUCKY
Racial Cleansing in Corbin, Kentucky
1919

1st Nationally Acclaimed Black Fashion Designer
1921
CHICAGO ILLINOIS
1st African American to Perform on Radio and Most Influential in Jazz Piano
1927
ATLANTA
U.S. Concocts Charges to Justify Deporting Marcus Garvey
1928
CHICAGO ILLINOIS
The "Black Metropolis" is Born
1931

That's Why Darkies Were Born
1949
ATLANTA, GEORGIA
1st Black CPA in Georgia 1st Black Radio Station Owner
1950

1st Black Woman with Own TV Show
1953

James Baldwin, Author
1953
LOUISIANA
Bus Boycott Baton Rouge 1953
1954

Racial Segregation Banned In Public Schools By U.S. Supreme Court
1956

1st African American Lead: U.S. Army Chorus Metropolitan Opera
1956
FRANCE
1st Black Professional Tennis Champion
1966

Kwanzaa: 1st Pan-African Holiday Created
1967

U.S. Supreme Court: Interracial Marriage a Legal Right
1969

1st Black Woman to Host Syndicated Talk Show in the U.S.
1986
CHICAGO
1st Black Woman to Host Nationally Syndicated Talk Show and North America's Only Black Billionaire
1992

1st Black Woman to Travel in Outer Space
1993

1st Black American Winner ofNobel Prize for Literature
1998

1st Black Woman in U.S. Navy History to Hold Rank of Rear Admiral
2005
MISSISSIPPI
Former Ku Klux Klansman Convicted 41 Years after Murders
2008

1st American of Direct African Decent Nominated as Presidential Candidate by a Major Political Party
2009
OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
Protest and Riot Over the Shooting and Killing of Unarmed Black Man
2009
WASHINGTON, DC
1st Black President: Barack Obama 44th President of the United States
2009
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA
Michael Jackson, Popstar Dies
2009

1st Black Female CEO as Head of Fortune 500 Company
2011
MISSISSIPPI
James Anderson Murdered in Hate Crime
2013
CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA
Family Awarded 2.25 Million in Shooting Death of Unarmed Family Member
2014
STATEN ISLAND, NEW YORK
Man Killed by Police "for Selling Single Cigarettes"
2014

U.S. Little League World Series Champions
2015
GREELEYVILLE, SOUTH CAROLINA
8 Black Churches Burned within 10 Days
2015
ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI
6 Black Churches Burned within 10 Days
2016

Notable African American Visionary and Thinker