Timeline Capsule
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Mesopotamia (Sumer)

The Assyrians
Assyria Ends Babylonian-Amorite Influence in Northern Mesopotamia

To the north of Babylonia lay three cities along the Tigris— Assur, Nineveh, and Nimrud, in the same territory as modern northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and the northwestern fringes of Iran.  The first of these, Assur, gave its name to Assyria, an empire dominated for many years by the more powerful Babylonians. 

 Location of Assyria

Beginning in 1740 BC, the Assyrians began to weaken Babylonian influence in these cities and all of northern Mesopotamia, driving out Babylonian rulers and replacing them with their own rulers.  They suffered through a civil war until they were able to defeat the Babylonians and end Babylonia-Amorite influence in the territory.

Ultimately, the Assyrians came to rule powerful empires, extending their dominion into the western part of present-day Iran, northern Turkey, and as far south as Thebes, in Egypt