Timeline Focus: Descendants of Africans | BeingBlackToday.com
 
Timeline of Humanity
Descendants of Africans
1st African-Descended Individual to Write About Slave Experience
1789

AmericanColonization Society: "Back to Africa" Plan Financed by Slaveholders
1816

Black Slave Drivers: Plantation Owners Create Caste System Among African Slaves
1820

Founder and 1st Bishop A.M.E. Zion Church and Publisher of 1st Black U.S. Newspaper
1820
NEW YORK
1st African-American to be Granted a Patent with Invention of Dry Cleaning
1821

Shakespeare Memorial Theater Honors 1st and Only African-Descended Person
1824

1st Black Woman to Take White Man to Court for Freedom and Win
1828

Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World: By Any Means Necessary
1829

1st African American to Hold a Medical Degree But Passes as White
1837

1st African to Address the Massachusetts State Legislature to Protest Racial Discrimination
1841

By Any Means Necessary: Call Upon Slaves to Kill their Masters
1843

Legal Slavery Ends in Pennsylvania
1847
PENNSYLVANIA
Fugitive Slave Law Passed by U.S. Congress
1850

Bootblack Becomes Wealthy Businessman
1851
CALIFORNIA
Established 1st A.M.E. Zion Church in San Francisco, CA
1852
SAN FRANCISCO CA
1st Legal Challenge of theFugitive Slave Law of 1850
1855
PENNYLSLVANIA
U.S. Supreme Court Decides Lawsuit Filed by Slave to Secure Freedom
1857

Manhattan New York: 1st Community Founded by Former Slaves Destroyed by City Government
1857
MANHATTAN NEW YORK
Slave States Break from United States of America forming Confederate States of America Leading to Civil War
1861
LOWER SOUTH
American Civil War Begins United States vs Confederate States
1861

1st Black U.S. Military Sea Pilot Escapes to Freedom by Sea
1862
SOUTH CAROLINA
Homestead Acts 1862: Union Loyalist, Immigrants and Freed Slaves Receive Federal Land for Private Ownership
1862

From Slavery to Wealthy Entrepreneur Founder of 1st African Church in Los Angeles, California
1866
LOS ANGELES, CALFIORNIA
1st Secretary of State of African-Descent and Superintendant of Public Instruction of Florida
1868
FLORIDA
Ku Klux Klan Act U.S. Congressional Legislation
1871
WASHINGTON, DC
1st African Descended Professor at Harvard University and Inventor of the Golf Tee
1871
BOSTON
Mob of Ku Klux Klan Slaughters Chinese Laborers Over Competition for Jobs
1871
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA
Mechanical Engineer and Inventor
1872
MICHIGAN
1st African-Descended Judge in the United States Founder of 1st African Newspaper in California
1873

1st African-Descended Lawyer and Judge Elected in Jacksonville, Florida
1873
FLORIDA
1st African-Descended to Earn Ph.D. from any American University
1876

Invented Process to Increase the Life of Lightbulbs Allowing for Mass Production
1881

Marriage and Sex BetweenBlacks and Whites Made Criminal by Supreme Court
1883

1st African-Descended Mechanical and Electrical Engineer After the Civil War
1885

Pastor of Largest Church in State of Arkansas
1887
ARKANSAS
Awarded Patent for Automatic Opening and Closing Elevator Doors
1887

"Separate but Equal" Jim Crow Laws 1890 to 1965
1890

1st Black Female Doctor in Alabama
1891
ALABAMA
1st African-Descended U.S. Mail Carrier
1895
MONTANA
1st African-Descended to Receive Doctorate from Harvard University
1895
MASSACHUSETTS
Ragtime: African Americans Create 1st Truly American Musical Genre
1895

1st Nationally Recognized African American Poet
1896
NATIONAL
Establishes Black Hebrew Church of God and Saints of Christ
1896
LAWRENCE KANSAS
Pan-Africanism Founded
1897
TRINIDAD
1st New York Musical by Black Entertainers
1898
NEW YORK
1st Researcher to Prove that Insects Can Hear
1898

Last African-Descended Congressman of the Jim Crow Era
1901

Town Founded by Black Investors Exclusively for African-Descended People
1901
NEW JERSEY
Niagara Civil Rights Movement Founded
1905

Pentecostal Movement Begins with Baptism in the Holy Spirit and Speaking in Tongues
1906
LOS ANGELES, CALFIORNIA
Atlanta Georgia: Racial Cleansing Leads to Three-Day Race Riot
1906
ATLANTA, GEORGIA
NAACP Founded
1909

Marcus Garvey Jr. Pan-African Political Leader 1887 - 1940
1912
JAMAICA
Africans-Descendants Terrorized and Driven From Homes in Largest U.S. Expulsion
1912
FORSYTH COUNTY GEORGIA
Racial Cleansing in Corbin, Kentucky
1919
KENTUCKY
1st Nationally Acclaimed Black Fashion Designer
1919

1st African American to Perform on Radio and Most Influential in Jazz Piano
1921
CHICAGO ILLINOIS
U.S. Concocts Charges to Justify Deporting Marcus Garvey
1927
ATLANTA
The "Black Metropolis" is Born
1928
CHICAGO ILLINOIS
That's Why Darkies Were Born
1931

1st Black CPA in Georgia 1st Black Radio Station Owner
1949
ATLANTA, GEORGIA
1st Black Woman with Own TV Show
1950

James Baldwin, Author
1953

Bus Boycott Baton Rouge 1953
1953
LOUISIANA
Racial Segregation Banned In Public Schools By U.S. Supreme Court
1954

1st African American Lead: U.S. Army Chorus Metropolitan Opera
1956

1st Black Professional Tennis Champion
1956
FRANCE
Kwanzaa: 1st Pan-African Holiday Created
1966

U.S. Supreme Court: Interracial Marriage a Legal Right
1967

1st Black Woman to Host Syndicated Talk Show in the U.S.
1969

1st Black Woman to Host Nationally Syndicated Talk Show and North America's Only Black Billionaire
1986
CHICAGO
1st Black Woman to Travel in Outer Space
1992

1st Black American Winner ofNobel Prize for Literature
1993

1st Black Woman in U.S. Navy History to Hold Rank of Rear Admiral
1998

Former Ku Klux Klansman Convicted 41 Years after Murders
2005
MISSISSIPPI
1st American of Direct African Decent Nominated as Presidential Candidate by a Major Political Party
2008

Protest and Riot Over the Shooting and Killing of Unarmed Black Man
2009
OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
1st Black President: Barack Obama 44th President of the United States
2009
WASHINGTON, DC
Michael Jackson, Popstar Dies
2009
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA
1st Black Female CEO as Head of Fortune 500 Company
2009

James Anderson Murdered in Hate Crime
2011
MISSISSIPPI
Family Awarded 2.25 Million in Shooting Death of Unarmed Family Member
2013
CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA
Man Killed by Police "for Selling Single Cigarettes"
2014
STATEN ISLAND, NEW YORK
U.S. Little League World Series Champions
2014

8 Black Churches Burned within 10 Days
2015
GREELEYVILLE, SOUTH CAROLINA
6 Black Churches Burned within 10 Days
2015
ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI
Notable African American Visionary and Thinker
2016