Timeline Capsule
Time Capsule Details | BeingBlackToday.com
Mesopotamia (Persia)

Iran (aka Persia)
The Persian Achaemenid Empire
King Cyrus the Great Rises to Power The Persian Empire Begins

Persia vs Iran
The area called "Persia" was given that name by the Greeks.  The people who inhabited the region, however, called it  "Iran" or "Iran-Shahr". They never called themselves or their region by the foreign word widely circulated and made popular by the Greeks.

In the modera era of 1935, Reza Shah (the first Shah of the last Dynasty before the revolution) demanded that Iran be recognized correctly as Iran.

Cyrus the Great Forms
Largest Empire in the World
In 559 BC, Cyrus III ascended the throne of Persia’s Achaemenid Dynasty.  His father was a Persian and his mother a Median princess. 

Around 550 BC, Cyrus rebelled against his grandfather, the Median king.  This rebellion led to “Cyrus the Great” conquering first the Median Empire, and then the Lydian Empire. 

He led an expedition into central Asia, which resulted in major campaigns that were described as having brought "into subjection every nation without exception".  Eventually defeated and captured the Neo-Babylonian Empire.  He created the largest empire the world had yet seen.

Centralized Administration
Of Largest Empire in the World
Cyrus the Great respected the customs and religions of the lands he conquered. Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states.  His tolerance became a very successful model for centralized administration and establishing a government that works to the advantage and profit of its subjects.

In fact, the administration of the empire through satraps ( governors or local rulers) and the vital principle of forming a government at Pasargadae, the capital of the Achaemenid Empire, were the works of Cyrus.