Timeline Capsule
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Time Capsule Details | BeingBlackToday.com
1981
AFRICA CONTINENT
Egypt

President Anwar Sadat of Egypt at military parade immediately prior to his assassination
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat Assassinated

Anwar Sadat, the President of Egypt, was assassinated during the annual victory parade held in Cairo to celebrate Operation Badr, during which the Egyptian Army had crossed the Suez Canal and taken back a small part of the Sinai Peninsula from Israel at the beginning of the Yom Kippur War. 

Although Sadat could claim many enemies, members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad were held accountable for the murder.

Sadat was protected by four layers of security and eight bodyguards, and the army parade should have been safe due to ammunition-seizure rules.  

The Murder
As Egyptian Air Force Mirage jets flew overhead, distracting the crowd, Egyptian Army soldiers and troop trucks towing artillery paraded by.

One truck contained the assassination squad, led by Lieutenant Khalid Islambouli. As it passed the tribune, Islambouli forced the driver at gunpoint to stop. From there, the assassins dismounted and Islambouli approached Sadat with three hand grenades concealed under his helmet.

Sadat stood to receive his salute (Anwar's nephew Talaat El Sadat later said, "The president thought the killers were part of the show when they approached the stands firing, so he stood saluting them"), whereupon Islambouli threw all his grenades at Sadat, only one of which exploded (but fell short), and additional assassins rose from the truck, indiscriminately firing AK-47 assault rifles into the stands until they had exhausted their ammunition and then attempted to flee.

Just prior to the assassination, Vice President Mubarak views the parade at the right hand of President Sadat

Sadat and ten others were killed outright or suffered fatal wounds.   Hosni Mubarak, Vice President of Egypt and several others were wounded in the attack, which lasted about two minutes.